Perceptions and decision making

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Perceptions and decision making

Or led a team in which the team members were reluctant to express their own opinions? If so, you have probably been a victim of "Groupthink". Here, the desire for group cohesion effectively drives out good decision-making and problem solving.

Two well-known examples of Groupthink in action are the Challenger Space Shuttle disaster and the Bay of Pigs invasion.

Decision Making Style and its Effect On Morale

Engineers of the space shuttle knew about some faulty parts months before takeoff, but they did not want negative press so they pushed ahead with the launch anyway.

With the Bay of Pigs invasion, President Kennedy made a decision and the people around him supported it despite their own concerns.

Janis coined the term "Groupthink," and published his research in the book, " Groupthink. What he found was that a lack of conflict or opposing viewpoints led to poor decisions, because alternatives were not fully analyzed, and because groups did not gather enough information to make an informed decision.

How to Spot Groupthink Janis suggested that Groupthink happens when there is: A strong, persuasive group leader. A high level of group cohesion. Intense pressure from the outside to make a good decision. In fact, it is now widely recognized that Groupthink-like behavior is found in many situations and across many types of groups and team settings.

Perceptions and decision making

Symptoms of Groupthink Rationalization: This is when team members convince themselves that despite evidence to the contrary, the decision or alternative being presented is the best one. When a team member expresses an opposing opinion or questions the rationale behind a decision, the rest of the team members work together to pressure or penalize that person into compliance.

After a few successes, the group begins to feel like any decision they make is the right one because there is no disagreement from any source. Each member of the group views him or herself as moral: The combination of moral minds is therefore thought not to be likely to make a poor or immoral decision.

Perceptions and decision making

When morality is used as a basis for decision-making, the pressure to conform is even greater because no individual wants to be perceived as immoral.

As the group becomes more uniform in their views, they begin to see outsiders as possessing a different and inferior set of morals and characteristics from themselves. These perceived negative characteristics are then used to discredit the opposition.

Members censor their opinions in order to conform. This is what feeds the Groupthink and causes it to spiral out of control. Read our Privacy Policy To avoid Groupthink, it is important to have a process in place for checking the fundamental assumptions behind important decisions, for validating the decision-making process, and for evaluating the risks involved.

For significant decisions, make sure your team does the following in their decision-making process:How People Avoid Making Serious Decisions In The Histories, written in B.C., Herodotus makes the following statement: "If an important decision is to be made [the Persians] discuss the question when they are drunk and the following day the master of the house submits their decision for reconsideration when they are sober.

The Importance of Values and Culture in Ethical Decision Making Authored By: Christine Chmielewski Ethical standards are the standards of our environment that are acceptable to most people.

Perceptions An International Survey of Library Automation Narrative Comments. This page lists the narrative of comments given by individuals responding to the library automation perceptions survey.

Home | Issues about Change Archive | Site-Based Decision Making: Its Potential for Enhancing Learner Outcomes.

Chapter 5: Perception and Individual Decision Making

Site-Based Decision Making: Its Potential for Enhancing Learner Outcomes. Schools are doing a very good job of doing what they were designed to do - decades ago. Decision-making is a field of interest for philosophers, economists, psychologists, and neuroscientists, among others.

A fundamental question that drives research in this area is why do people who are presented with the same options make different choices? Shared decision-making in medicine (SDM) is a process in which both the patient and physician contribute to the medical decision-making care providers explain treatments and alternatives to patients to provide the necessary resources for patients to choose the treatment option that best aligns with their unique cultural and personal beliefs.

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