If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.
Creating In-Text Citations Based on the Rules of Chicago Manual of Style by Brian Scott Citing sources thoroughly and accurately is necessary to avoid any instances of accidental plagiarism or using facts and quotes as your own.
If you take a quotation or piece of dialogue from another source, you are also responsible for listing that source in your paper. You need to develop a habit for listing all sources so that you can guide readers and reviewers of your paper to the precise location of the information, should they want to learn more.
Providing a thorough list of sources shows your dedication and tenacity in developing a credible and trustworthy paper. Citing sources based on the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style is a two-step process. This first step lets you cite the source in one of three ways: The second step is to include the same citation on a separate sheet of paper called a Reference List or a Bibliography page.
This page, added to the end of your paper, lists all of your cited works. If you decide to use endnotes, you can forfeit the Bibliography page as it is not required even though most academic papers use one.
In this article, I will cover in-text citations the most popular style of citationswhich you add in the main text of your paper. Chicago Style sometimes refers to in-text citations as "parenthetical references. Add the name of the author within the sentence, followed by the year of publication enclosed in parentheses.
The Kennedy Study suggests that scientific developments stimulate financial expansion.
You can enclose the name of the authors in parentheses with the year of publication, based on your sentence structure. Do NOT use any punctuation inside the parentheses. Some financial reports show that scientific developments stimulate financial expansion Kennedy If you have multiple authors, separate them with commas and the word "and" enclosed in parentheses.
If you have over three authors, use the word "et al. Several financial reports suggest that scientific developments stimulate financial development Kennedy, Howard, Bernard A number of financial surveys point out that engineering innovations trigger global financial progression Kennedy et al.
You also can add "a" and "b" to the year of publication, should you have two sources from the same author published in the same year. Some economic studies indicate that technological advancements spur economic growth Jones Economic Growth Study, Other economic studies show that investing in technological research will benefit the economy, too Jones Technology and the Economy, If you must cite a source with no author, specify a reduced form of the title or the institution that developed the source.
Use the identical format as with the author. Several financial reports suggest that scientific developments spark financial development Penn State College Use an Arabic number with each source, either in brackets, parentheses, or superscript.
Use the Arabic numbers in consecutive order. Several financial reports suggest that scientific developments spark financial development. Use a vertical line referred to as a "separator" to split the main text from the footnote s. Place all endnotes at the end of all the pages of the main text.
Indent each footnote or endnote. Use single-spacing, with an empty space between each footnote or endnote. Add a superscript number or a number with a period to introduce the footnote.Looking for an MLA in-text citation and parenthetical guide? Find simple and easy to follow directions and examples to develop any in-text citation in MLA!
Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. Chicago Style: Notes and In-Text Citations.
Chicago/Turabian Basics: Notes Why we include in-text citations and notes. Researchers include brief citations in their writing to acknowledge references to other people’s work. Generally, Chicago uses either footnotes or endnotes (or both) to give credit in text.
Summary: This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in Exceptions to Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date Style that are exclusive to the Oceanographic Center at NSU are indicated in GREEN.
Definition Also called parenthetical citations, in-text citations are found within the main body of the document immediately after a quote or a paraphrase. The Chicago style, when referring to a source of information within the text of a document, in its simplest form, gives a short citation consisting of the name of the author (or authors) and the date of publication: • The short references within the text are given wholly or partly in round brackets.