While weapons, strategies, and tactics have changed, there are a number of methods that have been used across the millennia, and which are still used today — chemical, biological, and psychological warfare was as active in the ancient world as it is in modern times.
During that hearing it was learned that U. There, they related details of unexplained events that took place during the Persian Gulf War which they believed to be chemical warfare agent attacks. After these unexplained events, many of the veterans present reported symptoms consistent with exposure to a mixed agent attack.
Then, on July 29,the Czech Minister of Defense announced that a Czechoslovak chemical decontamination unit had detected the chemical warfare agent Sarin in areas of northern Saudi Arabia during the early phases of the Gulf War.
They had attributed the detections to fallout from coalition bombing of Iraqi chemical warfare agent production facilities. In SeptemberSenator Riegle released a staff report on this issue and introduced an amendment to the Fiscal Year National Defense Authorization Act that provided preliminary funding for research of the illnesses and investigation of reported exposures.
When this first staff report was released by Senator Riegle, the estimates of the number of veterans suffering from these unexplained illnesses varied from hundreds, according to the Department of Defense, to thousands, according to the Department of Veterans Affairs. It is now believed that tens of thousands of U.
Hundreds and possibly thousands of servicemen and women still on active duty are reluctant to come forward for fear of losing their jobs and medical care.
These Gulf War veterans are reporting muscle and joint pain, memory loss, intestinal and heart problems, fatigue, nasal congestion, urinary urgency, diarrhea, twitching, rashes, sores, and a number of other symptoms.
They began experiencing these multiple symptoms during and after -- often many months after -- their tour of duty in the Gulf. A number of the veterans who initially exhibited these symptoms have died since returning from the Gulf.
The scope and urgency of this crisis demands an appropriate response. This investigation into Gulf War Syndrome, which was initiated by the Banking Committee under the direction of Chairman Riegle, has uncovered a large body of evidence linking the symptoms of the syndrome to the exposure of Gulf War participants to chemical and biological warfare agents, chemical and biological warfare pre-treatment drugs, and other hazardous materials and substances.
Since the release of the first staff report on September 9,this inquiry has continued. Thousands of government officials, scientists, and veterans have been interviewed or consulted, and additional evidence has been compiled.
This report will detail the findings of this ongoing investigation. Since the Banking Committee began its inquiry, the position of the Department of Defense regarding the possible causes of Gulf War Syndrome has altered only when challenged with evidence that is difficult to dispute.
Yet, despite the vast resources of the Department of Defense, several independent and congressional inquiries with limited resources continue to uncover additional evidence of hazardous exposures and suspicious events. The Department of Defense, when first approached regarding this issue by Committee staff, contended that there was no evidence that U.
However, during a telephone interview on September 7, with Walter Reed Army Medical Center commander Major General Ronald Blanck, Committee staff was informed that the issue of chemical and biological warfare agent exposure had not been explored because it was the position of "military intelligence" that such exposures never occurred.
Then, during a November 10, press briefing at the Pentagon, the Department of Defense acknowledged that the Czech government did detect chemical agents in the Southwest Asia theater of operations.
After analyzing the results of the Czech report, the Department of Defense concluded that the detections were unrelated to the "mysterious health problems that have victimized some of our veterans.
For instance, Seabees serving to the south and east of the detection site have complained of persistent health problems; but according to the Pentagon, the wind was blowing in the other direction at the time of the detections and the concentrations were too low to do harm over that kind of a distance.
The fact is, no one has ever suggested that there was a link between the Czech detections and what occurred during the early morning hours of January 19, near the Port of Jubayl.
These two events will be described in detail in Chapter 2. Former Defense Secretary Aspin said at the briefing that this incident could not have been from the Coalition bombings of the Iraqi chemical weapons facilities because the winds were blowing to the northwest.
Yet according to available Soviet documents, the dispersal of chemical agents and other hazardous substances is controlled by other factors in addition to surface wind direction and velocity, such as topography, temperature, precipitation, vertical temperature gradient, and atmospheric humidity.
Anthrax. Special NVIC Report Barbara Loe Fisher, Editor December BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AND ANTHRAX VACCINE. The terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. on September 11, and, soon after, the release of anthrax-contaminated mail in the U.S. postal system, have prompted calls by some for use of anthrax . Warfare has been a part of the human condition throughout recorded history. While weapons, strategies, and tactics have changed, there are a number of methods that have been used across the millennia, and which are still used today – chemical, biological, and psychological warfare was as active in the ancient world as it is in modern times. 28 For example, see Milton Leitenberg, “Allegations of Biological Warfare in China and Korea, –52,” in The Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare, Vol. 5, The Prevention of CBW, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Humanities Press, New York,
These factors all contribute to the size and type of dispersal that will be observed. According to a knowledgeable source, the Czechs believed that the detections were caused by the weather inversion which occurred that day January 19, as the weather front moved southward.Sep 03, · On the other side, the cruel face of the anaerobic spore-former Gram positive bacillus Clostridium botulinum is more than disturbing for people at risk to be victims of the devastating potential of its neurotoxins, capable to cause the botulism and to be misused as the threatening biological weapon, in some of the aspects of biological warfare or biological terrorism.
- Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare is one of the most dreaded forms of attack on the battlefield. In the last century, we learned a great deal about how life works, how it is organized. A look back at a landmark "60 Minutes" report: Mike Wallace's two-part investigation into the research and development of chemical and biological warfare by the United States.
The reporting was. Biological weapons include any organism (such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi) or toxin found in nature that can be used to kill or injure people.
Learn more about biological warfare agents and weapons. Acknowledgments. This handbook was first produced by the Chemical, Biological and Radiological (CBRN) Subcommittee in June The subcommittee is one of seven subcommittees of the Interagency Intelligence Committee on Terrorism (IICT).
Anthrax. Special NVIC Report Barbara Loe Fisher, Editor December BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AND ANTHRAX VACCINE.
The terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. on September 11, and, soon after, the release of anthrax-contaminated mail in the U.S.
postal system, have prompted calls by some for use of anthrax .
|Biological Warfare Unit in the United States||Due to the complexity of the toxic items, a qualitative comparison of present and future dangers for mankind and environment by taking only the quantitative aspects into consideration can and should not be made since it may lead to wrong conclusions. Non-lethal chemical weapons All weapons are made out of chemical elements, be it the metal shell of a grenade, sometimes made of depleted uranium, the explosive agent to propel it or the material filled into its encasing.|